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Political and Social Definitions

Definition of Terms in Relation to Aotearoa.


 Institutional racism

Multicultural Society( capitals)

multicultural society

bicultural society

mono-cultural society

Racist behaviour

Non racist behaviour

Anti racist behaviour

Cultural Safety

Racism exists where one group which views its way of life as superior to that of other groups, holds and exercises power over these groups. In doing this it oppresses groups of different colour and race.

Institutional racism is the perpetuation by organisations of policies and practices which advantage Pakeha and disadvantage other racial groups.

Multicultural Society (capitals ) is one where all ethnic groups contribute to policy and decision-making at all levels in economic, social, artistic and political matters.

multicultural society describes a society comprised of different ethnic groups.

bicultural society is one where the indigenous Maori culture contributes equally to policy and decision making at all levels.

mono-cultural society is one where the dominant Pakeha culture controls all of the major institutions and restricts expression of other cultures.

Racist behaviour involves personal prejudice and bigotry. It results in discrimination. It maintains the benefits of living in a racist society.

Non racist behaviour does not involve prejudice. It regards all as equals and does not discriminate. It maintains the benefits of living in a racist society.

Anti racist behaviour does not involve prejudice. It involves an analysis of racist aspects of institutions. It involves working for change in institutions using all possible channels. It maintains the benefits of living in a racist society, but tries to change it.

from material produced by "Project Waitangi - Pakeha debate the Treaty". Information and resource material available from Project Waitangi, P.O. Box 5510 Wellesley Street, Auckland.

Cultural Safety. Cultural Safety exists when; actions which recognize, respect and nurture the unique cultural identity of Tangata Whenua, and safely meet their needs expectations and rights (Whanau Kawa Whakaruruhau 1991:8) are practised by all managers and staff providing a service. Cultural safety must be implemented with the full involvement of, and assessment by, Tangata Whenua.

The safest procedure is Tangata Whenua providing service to Tangata Whenua, within the environment set up, maintained and controlled by Tangata Whenua, which is resourced to the level identified by them.

(Karena Way, Hui Kawa Whakaruruhau, Whanganui August 1993)